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Hong Kong
Overview
Background
Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.
Natural resources
outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Land use
arable land: 5.05%
other: 93.94% (1998 est.)
permanent crops: 1.01%
Population
7,394,170 (July 2003 est.)
Ethnic groups
Chinese 95%, other 5%
Religions
eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%
Languages
Chinese (Cantonese), English; both are official
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 94%
male: 97.1%
female: 90.5% (2003 est.)
Capital
Hong Kong
Government type
limited democracy
Independence
none (special administrative region of China)
National holiday
National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 1 July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day
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